Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) includes Crohn’s disease (CD) and
ulcerative colitis (UC). Traditionally, CD is thought to involve the entire
gastrointestinal tract in a patchy manner. UC involves the colon in a
diffuse and continuous manner. Upper gastrointestinal inflammation, relatively
common in CD, has been shown to occur also in UC, albeit less frequently.
Focal active gastritis (also referred to as “focally enhanced gastritis”)
has been reported in various percentages of patients with CD, whereas
chronic inactive gastritis has been associated with UC. Recently, chronic
active duodenitis, known to occur in CD, has been reported also in patients
with UC. It remains unclear whether these findings could help establish
a specific diagnosis in patients with suspected IBD.
This study was designed to assess the prevalence and the types of gastritis
and duodenitis in patients with a synchronous diagnosis of IBD.
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